Ketamine is an anesthetic medication that has been used for many years to induce sedation and general anesthesia. More recently, researchers discovered ketamine’s effects in treating depression. Since this discovery in the early 2000’s ketamine has been used widely for its rapid and relatively sustained effects in treating not only depression, but also other disorders. Some of these include bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, suicidality, chronic pain and addiction.
Ketamine is considered a dissociative anesthetic, meaning it can cause an “out-of-body” experience for some patients. Other side effects include nausea, vomiting, transient high blood pressure, hallucinations, dizziness and sedation.